Urban ecosystems and their rural surroundings are increasingly under strain due to urbanisation and encroachment, the conversion of open spaces, loss of ecological connectivity, and climate change, amongst other factors. This can harm natural habitats and endanger human health and well-being as well as biodiversity.
Yet while the interconnectedness of rural-urban areas present opportunities for development and cooperation, their linkages also require integrated solutions. In this context, nature-based solutions (NbS) hold great value. By restoring and protecting local